Covid-19 Unemployment Analysis

published3 months ago
2 min read

Hey there!

This week, we are looking at how Covid-19 has affected unemployment in the United States, and at employment rates in the United States over the past several decades.

Covid-19 Unemployment Analysis

The Covid-19 pandemic has had a massive effect on the labor market metrics for every state, economic sector and major demographic groups in the United States. This post covers the extent to which the pandemic has affected this unemployment rate with the help of this Hal9 pipeline.


The data for this analysis is extracted from the website of the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics as a CSV file for the years 2000-2021. This dataset shows the United States’ monthly unemployment rate starting from 2000 to the current year 2021 and also the average unemployment rate for the year. Once we load this data into Hal9’s Interface, we try to answer a few particular questions.

Unemployment Rate Change

Vast Difference between the unemployment rate in 2019 and 2020

The above Bar Chart Visualization shows how the sudden outbreak of Covid caused the unemployment rate to skyrocket. Most of this was due to the United States entering lockdown. The country was not yet ready to work remotely, resulting in budget cuts and layoffs which caused the spike we see in the graphic. Once industries learned how to cooperate during such times, they started to hire again and the unemployment rate began to decline once again

Unemployment Rate Comparison

Unemployment rate in 2020 vs 2008 & 2009

Most individuals in the United States remember the sharp decline in economic activity during the late 2000s; the period that saw a gradual increase in the rate of unemployment: The Great Recession

As visible in the Line Graph above, where the red line shows the sudden spike in Unemployment during Covid-19 period, the blue and orange line depict the gradual increase in the unemployment rate during the great recession in 2008 and 2009.

What we can infer from this graph is that although the spike during Covid19 was sharp, it was brought under control quickly, whereas the rates during the great recession had a long lasting effect and this is clearly visible in the graph down below.

Unemployment Rate Average

Average Unemployment rate from 2000 to 2020

The above graph shows how the unemployment rate has changed over the years and how this average was higher during the Great Recession period than it was in 2020. This proves that although the labor market was experiencing a drop during the Covid-19 Pandemic, it recovered quickly and now companies are back hiring more than ever.

Hal9’s Vision

It is interesting to see how data visualizations can easily be skewed to showcase specific perspectives. Hal9’s vision is also to make data analysis more accessible and understandable to everyone, to help individuals easily understand data for themselves.

If you are interested in data visualizations you can build them at hal9.ai and let us know what you think. If you’re ready for a bigger challenge, you can create entirely new data sources, transformations, visualizations or predictive models, and contribute them to our open source GitHub repository.

We also have a new TikTok Hal9 channel and a Twitter Hal9 account, worth following to learn more about Artificial Intelligence, visualizations, and data analysis. You might also want to check out GeekWire's post on starting Hal9 during Covid-19.


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